Class: Hormonal therapy
Generic Name: Enzalutamide
Trade Name: Xtandi®
How is this drug used? Xtandi is used for the treatment of metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer that has previously been treated with the chemotherapy drug Taxotere® (docetaxel).
What is the mechanism of action? Xtandi interferes with the ability of male hormones to bind to their receptors within a cell, and also reduces the ability of the receptors to enter the nucleus and stimulate cell growth.
How is Xtandi given (administered)? Xtandi is taken orally (by mouth).
How are patients monitored? Patients will usually have scheduled meetings with their healthcare provider while they are being treated with Xtandi. Blood may be drawn to check for side effects and to monitor functions of some organ systems. Patients may also undergo physical examinations or other measures to assess side effects and response to therapy.
What are the most common side effects of treatment with Xtandi?
What are some of the potentially serious side effects of Xtandi?
This is not a complete list of side effects. Some patients may experience other side effects that are not listed here. Patients may wish to discuss with their physician the other less common side effects of this drug, some of which may be serious.
Some side effects may require medical attention. Other side effects do not require medical attention and may go away during treatment. Patients should check with their physician about any side effects that continue or are bothersome.
What can patients do to help alleviate or prevent discomfort and side effects?
Are there any special precautions patients should be aware of before starting treatment?
When should patients notify their physician?
Tell your doctor if you experience any side effects that bother you or don’t go away. Also tell your doctor if you have falls, trouble thinking clearly, loss of consciousness, or seizure.
What is a package insert?
A package insert is required by the FDA and contains a summary of the essential scientific information needed for the safe and effective use of the drug for healthcare providers and consumers. A package insert typically includes information regarding specific indications, administration schedules, dosing, side effects, contraindications, results from some clinical trials, chemical structure, pharmacokinetics and metabolism of the specific drug. By carefully reviewing the package insert, you will get the most complete and current information about how to safely use this drug. If you do not have the package insert for the drug you are using, your pharmacist or physician may be able to provide you with a copy.
Copyright © 2012 CancerConnect Last updated 09/12.
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Tags: Drug Dictionary, E, Hormonal Therapy